Nos tutelles

Nos partenaires


Accueil du site > Publications > Productions scientifiques depuis 2010 - base de données (en test)

UMR7194 - Publications dans des revues indexées (2015)

par Détroit Florent - publié le

Cette page est en cours de test (la base de données n’est pas complète)

- aller aux publications : depuis 2010

- aller aux publications de l’année : 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010


  • Arnaud, Julie, Peretto, Carlo, et Grimaud-Hervé, Dominique.0 « The Grotta Guattari Mandibular Remains In The Italian Human Evolutionary Context: A Morphological And Morphometrical Overlook Of The Neanderthal Jaw ». Quaternary International.

  • Arsuaga, Juan Luis, Carretero, José-Miguel, Lorenzo, Carlos, Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Pablos, Adrián, Rodríguez, Laura, García-González, Rebeca, Bonmatí, Alejandro, Quam, Rolf M., Pantoja-Pérez, Ana, Martínez, Ignacio, Aranburu, Arantza, Gracia-Téllez, Ana, Poza-Rey, Eva, Sala, Nohemi, García, Nuria, Velasco, Almudena Alcázar de, Cuenca-Bescós, Gloria, Castro, José María Bermúdez de, et Carbonell, Eudald.0 « Postcranial Morphology Of The Middle Pleistocene Humans From Sima De Los Huesos, Spain ». Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(37): 11524-11529.
    Résumé : Current knowledge of the evolution of the postcranial skeleton in the genus Homo is hampered by a geographically and chronologically scattered fossil record. Here we present a complete characterization of the postcranium of the middle Pleistocene paleodeme from the Sima de los Huesos (SH) and its paleobiological implications. The SH hominins show the following: (i) wide bodies, a plesiomorphic character in the genus Homo inherited from their early hominin ancestors; (ii) statures that can be found in modern human middle-latitude populations that first appeared 1.6–1.5 Mya; and (iii) large femoral heads in some individuals, a trait that first appeared during the middle Pleistocene in Africa and Europe. The intrapopulational size variation in SH shows that the level of dimorphism was similar to modern humans (MH), but the SH hominins were less encephalized than Neandertals. SH shares many postcranial anatomical features with Neandertals. Although most of these features appear to be either plesiomorphic retentions or are of uncertain phylogenetic polarity, a few represent Neandertal apomorphies. Nevertheless, the full suite of Neandertal-derived features is not yet present in the SH population. The postcranial evidence is consistent with the hypothesis based on the cranial morphology that the SH hominins are a sister group to the later Neandertals. Comparison of the SH postcranial skeleton to other hominins suggests that the evolution of the postcranium occurred in a mosaic mode, both at a general and at a detailed level.
    Mots-clés : bauplan, human evolution, phylogeny, postcranial anatomy, Sierra de Atapuerca.

  • Azuara, J., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Lebreton, V., Mazier, F., Müller, S. D., et Dezileau, L.0 « Late Holocene Vegetation Changes In Relation With Climate Fluctuations And Human Activities In Languedoc (Southern France) ». Climate of the Past Discussions 11: 4123–4157.

  • Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Falguères, Christophe, Laurent, Michel, Dolo, Jean-Michel, Shao, Qingfeng, Auguste, Patrick, et Tuffreau, Alain.0 « Esr/u-Series Dating Of Faunal Remains From The Paleoanthropological Site Of Biache-Saint-Vaast (Pas-De-Calais, France) ». Quaternary Geochronology.

  • Balzeau, A.0 « Comparative Aspects Of Temporal Bone Pneumatization In Some African Fossil Hominins ». BMSAP: 1–7.

  • Bartsiokas, Antonis, Arsuaga, Juan-Luis, Santos, Elena, Algaba, Milagros, et Gómez-Olivencia, Asier.0 « The Lameness Of King Philip Ii And Royal Tomb I At Vergina, Macedonia ». Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(32): 9844–9848.

  • Beaudet, Amélie, Zanolli, Clément, Redae, Blade Engda, Endalamaw, Metasebia, Braga, José, et Macchiarelli, Roberto.0 « A New Cercopithecoid Dentognathic Specimen Attributed To Theropithecus From The Late Early Pleistocene (C. 1 Ma) Deposits Of Simbiro, At Melka Kunture, Ethiopian Highlands ». Comptes Rendus Palevol.

  • Beghin, P., Charbit, S., Kageyama, M., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Hatté, C., Dumas, C., et Peterschmitt, J.-Y.0 « What Drives Lgm Precipitation Over The Western Mediterranean? A Study Focused On The Iberian Peninsula And Northern Morocco ». Climate Dynamics: 1–21.

  • Beyneix, Alain.0 « Une Médecine Du Fonds Des Âges: Trépanations, Amputations Et Tatouages Thérapeutiques Au Néolithique ». L'Anthropologie 119(1): 58–71.

  • Blain, Hugues-Alexandre, Bailon, Salvador, et Agustí, Jordi.0 « The Geographical And Chronological Pattern Of Herpetofaunal Pleistocene Extinctions On The Iberian Peninsula ». Comptes Rendus Palevol.

  • Bocherens, Hervé, Drucker, Dorothée G., Germonpré, Mietje, Lázničková-Galetová, Martina, Naito, Yuichi I., Wissing, Christoph, Brůžek, Jaroslav, et Oliva, Martin.0 « Reconstruction Of The Gravettian Food-Web At Předmostí I Using Multi-Isotopic Tracking (13C, 15N, 34S) Of Bone Collagen ». Quaternary International 359–360: 211-228.
    Résumé : The Gravettian site of Předmostí I in the central Moravian Plain has yielded a rich and diverse large mammal fauna dated around 25–27,000 14C years BP (ca. 29,500–31,500 cal BP). This fauna includes numerous carnivores (cave lion, wolf, brown bear, polar fox, wolverine) and herbivores (reindeer, large bovine, red deer, muskox, horse, woolly rhinoceros, woolly mammoth) whose trophic position could be reconstructed using stable isotopic tracking (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S) of bone collagen (n = 63). Among large canids, two morphotypes, “Pleistocene wolves” and “Palaeolithic dogs”, were considered, and two human bones attributed to the Gravettian assemblage of Předmostí I were also sampled. The trophic system around the Gravettian settlement of Předmostí I showed the typical niche partitioning among herbivores and carnivores seen in other mammoth-steppe contexts. The contribution of the analyzed prey species to the diet of the predators, including humans, was evaluated using a Bayesian mixing model (SIAR). Lions included great amounts of reindeer/muskox and possibly bison in their diet, while Pleistocene wolves were more focused on horse and possibly mammoth. Strong reliance on mammoth meat was found for the human of the site, similarly to previously analyzed individuals from other Gravettian sites in Moravia. Interestingly, the large canids interpreted as “Palaeolithic dogs” had a high proportion of reindeer/muskox in their diet, while consumption of mammoth would be expected from the availability of this prey especially in case of close interaction with humans. The peculiar isotopic composition of the Palaeolithic dogs of Předmostí I may indicate some control of their dietary intake by Gravettian people, who could have use them more for transportation than hunting purpose.
    Mots-clés : Collagen, Dog, Food web, Gravettian, Moravian Plain, stable isotopes.

  • Bourguignon, Laurence, Crochet, Jean-Yves, Capdevila, Ramon, Ivorra, Jérôme, Antoine, Pierre-Olivier, Agustí, Jordi, Barsky, Deborah, Blain, Hugues-Alexandre, Boulbes, Nicolas, Bruxelles, Laurent, Claude, Julien, Cochard, David, Filoux, Arnaud, Firmat, Cyril, Lozano-Fernández, Iván, Magniez, Pierre, Pelletier, Maxime, Rios-Garaizar, Joseba, Testu, Agnès, Valensi, Patricia, et De Weyer, Louis.0 « Bois-De-Riquet (Lézignan-La-Cèbe, Hérault): A Late Early Pleistocene Archeological Occurrence In Southern France ». Quaternary International.
    Résumé : The Bois-de-Riquet archeological site (Lézignan-la-Cèbe, Hérault, France) provides significant paleontological and archeological data about the first occupations of Western Europe. Although only partially excavated, the site has already yielded an exceptionally rich paleontological assemblage as well as some stone artefacts. The archeostratigraphical unit “US2” is encased within a basalt flowstone radiometrically dated to 1.57 Ma. The sedimentary infill has preserved large and small mammal fossils, as well as coprolites. Biochronological interpretations suggest an age of around 1.3–1.1 Ma for the accumulation. A few basalt artefacts were exhumed alongside the fossil bones. Interpretation of the lithics has required the elaboration of a strict selection protocol based upon extensive knapping experiments with local basalt. This paper presents results from the interdisciplinary study of the Bois-de-Riquet site in the aim of contextualizing these discoveries. The microstratigraphical analysis of the deposits is presented with recent geological interpretations in order to contribute a better understanding of the main features of this assemblage, and its remarkable preservation within the thermal and textural boundary between a basalt flowstone's base and its entablature.
    Mots-clés : Basalt, Biochronology, Early humans, Late Early Pleistocene, Stone tools, Taphonomy.

  • Bruner, Emiliano, Grimaud-Hervé, Dominique, Wu, Xiujie, de la Cuétara, José Manuel, et Holloway, Ralph.0 « A Paleoneurological Survey Of Homo Erectus Endocranial Metrics ». Quaternary International 368: 80–87.

  • Calvet, M., Gunnell, Y., Braucher, R., Hez, G., Bourlès, D., Guillou, V., et Delmas, M.0 « Cave Levels As Proxies For Measuring Post-Orogenic Uplift: Evidence From Cosmogenic Dating Of Alluvium-Filled Caves In The French Pyrenees ». Geomorphology 246: 617-633.
    Résumé : The rates and chronology of valley incision in mountain ranges have been studied in various parts of the globe, but the causes of river incision are often blurred because tectonic, climatic, and sea level-related forcing signals are difficult to distinguish from one another. The Têt River limestone gorge in the Eastern Pyrenees, which displays multiple cave levels containing datable alluvial deposits, provides an opportunity for clarifying this debate. Horizontal epiphreatic passages in limestone can be used as substitutes for fluvial terraces because they correspond to former valley floors and, therefore, also record the position of former local base levels. In the Têt canyon, the passages are filled with quartz-rich sand and gravel sequences that can be dated by 26Al/10Be burial dating. The canyon has cut into a Middle Miocene pediment system—now forming a raised plateau at 1250–1500 m—and displays nine cave levels over a vertical height of 1 km. One alluvial fill sequence in a cave at + 270 m above datum (i.e., the local river bed) yielded a weighted mean age of 5.14 ± 0.41 Ma; another, situated at + 110 m above datum, yielded weighted mean ages of 2.23 ± 0.230 Ma and 1.20 ± 0.286 Ma. The data convert to a mean incision rate of ~ 52 m·Ma− 1 since the beginning of the Pliocene, and involved an acceleration to 92 m·Ma− 1 during the Quaternary. Pre-burial catchment denudation rates range from 35 to 7 m·Ma− 1, and these also doubled during the early Quaternary. It is concluded that: (i) valley incision into the Miocene pediment has been occurring since 5, probably 10 Ma; (ii) there is no evidence of a Messinian canyon in the Villefranche gorge, strongly suggesting through various additional indicators that interference of the Messinian Salinity Crisis with the canyon incision history was minimal; (iii) valley deepening was not a steady process, and recorded periods of stability around 1–2 Ma and perhaps 6–5 Ma; and (iv) the terraced network of epiphreatic cave levels is primarily explained by tectonic uplift. It follows that the elevated erosion surfaces of the Pyrenees, such as the Miocene pediment directly situated above the canyon edge, were not shaped at high elevations, e.g., by ‘altiplanation’; they formed, instead, close to base level and were uplifted in successive stages by tectonic processes. The study emphasizes the more general proposition that tectonic signals (as opposed to climatic or eustatic) in valley-incision chronologies are best singled out at locations situated among the outer ranges of mountain belts, i.e., in canyons such as the Têt, that respond immediately to base level changes relative to the adjacent foreland. In the inner ranges, fluvial incision is more likely to be affected by the interference of climatic factors (e.g., glaciers), or to be delayed by bedrock impediments to upstream-propagating knickpoints.
    Mots-clés : Cave levels, Cosmogenic dating, Messinian Salinity Crisis, Pyrenees, Tectonic uplift, Valley incision.

  • Calvet, Marc, Gunnell, Yanni, et Farines, Bernard.0 « Flat-Topped Mountain Ranges: Their Global Distribution And Value For Understanding The Evolution Of Mountain Topography ». Geomorphology 241: 255–291.

  • Carbonell, Eudald, Barsky, Deborah, Sala, Robert, et Celiberti, Vincenzo.0 « Structural Continuity And Technological Change In Lower Pleistocene Toolkits ». Quaternary International.

  • Carretero, José Miguel, Quam, Rolf M., Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Castilla, María, Rodríguez, Laura, et García-González, Rebeca.0 « The Magdalenian Human Remains From El Mirón Cave, Cantabria (Spain) ». Journal of Archaeological Science.

  • Combourieu-Nebout, Nathalie, Bertini, Adèle, Russo-Ermolli, Elda, Peyron, Odile, Klotz, Stefan, Montade, Vincent, Fauquette, Severine, Allen, Judy, Fusco, Fabio, Goring, Simon, Huntley, Brian, Joannin, Sébastien, Lebreton, Vincent, Magri, Donatella, Martinetto, Edoardo, Orain, Ronan, et Sadori, Laura.0 « Climate Changes In The Central Mediterranean And Italian Vegetation Dynamics Since The Pliocene ». Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 218: 127-147.
    Résumé : Pollen records and pollen-based climate reconstructions from the Italian peninsula (central Mediterranean) show clear signals of vegetation change linked to variations in water availability in the Mediterranean basin over the past 5 million years. Profound vegetation changes occurred in four major steps from the Pliocene to the present. The subtropical taxa that dominate Pliocene assemblages declined and then disappeared between 3–2.8 and 1.66 Ma (at around 2.8 Ma in the North and later in the South), progressively being replaced by temperate Quercus forests at mid altitude. In the south Italy, Quercus expanded more at around 1.4–1.3 Ma and Fagus proportions increased after 0.5 Ma. Conifer forest (first mainly composed of Tsuga then by Abies and Picea) began to expand at 2.8 Ma, probably rather at high altitude, beginning at 2.8 Ma. Mediterranean-type forest, rare during the Early Pleistocene, developed and increased in diversity during the Middle Pleistocene. Open landscapes, with higher abundances of steppic taxa, became more frequent and extensive at the onset of Glacial/Interglacial (G/I) cyclicity around 2.6 Ma and gradually expanded with more and more marked glacials. Climate reconstructions done on selected pollen records from southern Italy suggest a decline in winter temperature and annual precipitation from the early Pleistocene to the Holocene. Specifically, both precipitation and winter temperature reconstructions show changes in interglacial maxima and glacial minima at around 3–2.8 Ma, 2 Ma, 1.3–1.4 Ma and 0.5 Ma. This critical review provides evidence that the North–South precipitation gradient, with drier conditions in the South, has been a consistent feature of the Italian peninsula since the beginning of the Pleistocene.
    Mots-clés : Central Mediterranean, Climate, Palynology, Pliocene, Quaternary, Vegetation.

  • Dabkowski, J., Royle, S. H., Antoine, P., Marca-Bell, A., et Andrews, J. E.0 « High-Resolution Δ 18 O Seasonality Record In A French Eemian Tufa Stromatolite (Caours, Somme Basin) ». Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 438: 277–284.

  • de Lumley, Marie-Antoinette.0 « L’Homme De Tautavel. Un Homo Erectus Européen Évolué. Homo Erectus Tautavelensis ». L'Anthropologie 119(3): 303–348.

  • Delmas, M.0 « The Last Maximum Ice Extent And Subsequent Deglaciation Of The Pyrenees: An Overview Of Recent Research ». Cuadernos de investigación geográfica 41(2): 359–387.

  • Demay, Laëtitia, Péan, Stéphane, Belyaeva, Valentina I., Vasil'ev, Pavel M., et Patou-Mathis, Marylène.0 « Zooarchaeological Study Of An Upper Palaeolithic Site With Mammoth Remains, Pushkari I–Excavation Vii (Chernigov Oblast, Ukraine) ». Quaternary International.

  • Drucker, Dorothée G., Vercoutère, Carole, Chiotti, Laurent, Nespoulet, Roland, Crépin, Laurent, Conard, Nicholas J., Münzel, Susanne C., Higham, Thomas, van der Plicht, Johannes, Lázničková-Galetová, Martina, et Bocherens, Hervé.0 « Tracking Possible Decline Of Woolly Mammoth During The Gravettian In Dordogne (France) And The Ach Valley (Germany) Using Multi-Isotope Tracking (13C, 14C, 15N, 34S, 18O) ». Quaternary International 359–360: 304-317.
    Résumé : The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) was an emblematic and key species of the so-called mammoth steppe ecosystem between ca. 110,000 and 12,000 years ago. Its contribution to human subsistence during the Gravettian period as source of raw material was documented in southwestern France and southwestern Germany, with some evidence of active hunting in the latter region. However, decreasing genetic diversity and increasing indications of nutritional stress point to a likely decline of this megaherbivore. The specificity of the ecological niche occupied by the woolly mammoth is clearly reflected by their collagen 13C and 15N abundances (δ13Ccoll and δ15Ncoll), measured on skeletal remains of the typical mammoth steppe. The abundances of carbon-13 in mammoth collagen are comparable to those of other grazers like horse (Equus sp.), while the nitrogen-15 abundances are significantly higher (about 3‰) than in the other herbivores, either horse or reindeer (Rangifer tarandus). During the Aurignacian and Gravettian occupation at Geißenklösterle in the Ach Valley (Germany), the mammoths had the expected stable isotope signature, but the nitrogen-15 of horses showed an unexpected overlap with those of the mammoth. This unusual pattern was already occurring during the Aurignacian, while the oxygen-18 abundances in bone phosphate (δ18Obp) of horse and reindeer were unchanged between Aurignacian and Gravettian periods, which rules out significant change in environmental and climatic conditions. Thus, we hypothesize that during the Aurignacian and Gravettian, the ecological niche of mammoth was intact but not occupied intensively by mammoths due to a decline in their population. This decline could be tentatively explained by human pressure through hunting. In Dordogne (France), decreasing horse and reindeer δ15Ncoll values coeval to decreasing horse δ18Obp values between the Aurignacian and the Early Gravettian periods reflected a clear change in the environment, while no contrast in δ15Ncoll values was observed between the Early and Final Gravettian at the Abri Pataud. The mammoth of Dordogne yielded slightly higher δ15Ncoll values than expected, probably as a consequence of the nursing effect since all the analyzed samples were ivory instead of bone. The direct dating and sulphur-34 measurement on the ivory of the Early Gravettian at Pataud showed that almost all of them were of contemporaneous and local origin. Significant contrasts in δ34Scoll values were found between the Dordogne and the Ach Valley for the same herbivores species, which confirms the potential of sulphur-34 in collagen as a mobility tracker.
    Mots-clés : Ach Valley, Aurignacian, Dordogne, Gravettian, Mammoth, stable isotopes.

  • Farines, Bernard, Calvet, Marc, et Gunnell, Yanni.0 « The Summit Erosion Surfaces Of The Inner Betic Cordillera: Their Value As Tools For Reconstructing The Chronology Of Topographic Growth In Southern Spain ». Geomorphology 233: 92–111.

  • Forestier, Hubert, Sophady, Heng, Puaud, Simon, Celiberti, Vincenzo, Frère, Stéphane, Zeitoun, Valéry, Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile, Mourer, Roland, Than, Heng, et Billault, Laurence.0 « The Hoabinhian From Laang Spean Cave In Its Stratigraphic, Chronological, Typo-Technological And Environmental Context (Cambodia, Battambang Province) ». Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 3: 194–206.

  • Frelat, M. A., et Souday, C.0 « The Bronze Age Necropolis Of Koh Ta Meas: Insights Into The Health Of The Earliest Inhabitants Of The Angkor Region ». BMSAP 27(3-4): 142-157.
    Résumé : The Koh Ta Meas site, near Angkor, Cambodia, has revealed a partially excavated Bronze Age necropolis (2870 BP +/- 60) comprising 27 burials. The aim of this study is to shed light on the earliest inhabitants known to date in the Angkor region and to gain further knowledge on Early Bronze Age populations in Southeast Asia. The burials of some individuals, probably wrapped in matting, the type of funeral artefacts or the presence of pig skulls suggest sophisticated mortuary rituals and evoke other Southeast Asian sites. Analyses of the skeletal remains show that the sample individuals are characterized by a short stature and gracile bones. As expected given the poor bone preservation, we found very little significant evidence of pathology, including infections and trauma. The dental health pattern at Koh Ta Meas is generally good and consistent with the consumption of rice, and may suggest a gendered division of activities. Comparisons between this small group and Iron Age series from the region indicate a possible decline in dental health with the intensification of rice agriculture. An interesting pattern of intentional tooth ablation identified at Koh Ta Meas confirms the cultural continuity in the Pre-Angkorian region, as suggested by the archaeological evidence. As in other Southeast Asian skeletal samples, the health profile of the earliest inhabitants of Angkor is generally good and consistent with the adoption of rice agriculture during the Bronze Age.
    Mots-clés : Archéologie funéraire, Bioarchaeology, Bioarchéologie, Burial archaeology, Cambodge, Cambodia, Demography, Evolutionary Biology, Human genetics, Palaeopathology, Paléopathologie, Protohistoire, Protohistory.

  • Gargani, Julien, Abdessadok, Salah, Tudryn, Alina, Sao, Cécile Chapon, Malassé, Anne Dambricourt, Gaillard, Claire, Moigne, Anne-Marie, Singh, Mukesh, Bhardwaj, Vipnesh, et Karir, Baldev.0 « Geology And Geomorphology Of Masol Paleonto-Archeological Site, Late Pliocene, Chandigarh, Siwalik Frontal Range, Nw India ». Comptes Rendus Palevol.

  • Gómez-Olivencia, Asier.0 « The Costal Skeleton Of The Neandertal Individual Of La Chapelle-Aux-Saints 1 ». Annales de Paléontologie 101(2): 127-141.
    Résumé : One hundred years ago, in this same journal, M. Boule described the nearly complete skeleton of a Neandertal from La Chapelle-aux-Saints 1 in a series of articles, which constituted a monograph on this individual. Some of the anatomical regions, like the vertebral column and the thorax, were only described in a preliminary fashion. In this article, a full inventory and anatomical descriptions for all the ribs are provided for the first time. Additionally, new anatomical determinations for some of the elements are provided and justified. Finally a comparative metric analysis is performed which shows that La Chapelle-aux-Saints 1 displays larger tubercle-iliocostal line distance 2 (TID2), posterior angle chord 2 (PAC2), posterior angle subtense 2 (PAS2), thick ribs and large maximum diameters of the sternal end (SEMxD) of its mid-thoracic ribs, features also present in other Neandertals individuals.
    Mots-clés : Anatomical determination, Côtes, Détermination anatomique, Homo neanderthalensis, Ribs, Thorax, Thoraxés.

  • Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Crevecoeur, Isabelle, et Balzeau, Antoine.0 « La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal Child Reloaded: New Remains And Re-Assessment Of The Original Collection ». Journal of human evolution 82: 107–126.

  • Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Sala, Nohemi, Arceredillo, Diego, García, Nuria, Martínez-Pillado, Virginia, Rios-Garaizar, Joseba, Garate, Diego, Solar, Gonzalo, et Libano, Inaki.0 « The Punta Lucero Quarry Site (Zierbena, Bizkaia): A Window Into The Middle Pleistocene In The Northern Iberian Peninsula ». Quaternary Science Reviews 121: 52–74.

  • Germonpré, Mietje, Sablin, Mikhail V., Lázničková-Galetová, Martina, Després, Viviane, Stevens, Rhiannon E., Stiller, Mathias, et Hofreiter, Michael.0 « Palaeolithic Dogs And Pleistocene Wolves Revisited: A Reply To ». Journal of Archaeological Science 54: 210–216.

  • Ghinassi, Massimiliano, Oms, Oriol, Papini, Mauro, Scarciglia, Fabio, Carnevale, Giorgio, Sani, Federico, Rook, Lorenzo, Delfino, Massimo, Pavia, Marco, Libsekal, Yosief, Bondioli, Luca, Coppa, Alfredo, Frayer, David W., et Macchiarelli, Roberto.0 « An Integrated Study Of The Homo-Bearing Aalat Stratigraphic Section (Eritrea): An Expanded Continental Record At The Early–Middle Pleistocene Transition ». Journal of African Earth Sciences 112, Part A: 163-185.
    Résumé : The Early to Middle Pleistocene continental transition in East Africa is widely documented from lacustrine and deep-sea records, although significant insights are also provided by fluvio-lacustrine successions of the central and southern African Rift Valley, such as the at Olduvai Gorge succession (Tanzania), the Bouri Formation (Ethiopia) and the Olorgesailie Formation (Kenya). The Early to Middle Pleistocene Dandiero Basin fill (Eritrean Danakil) represents the only continental succession in the northernmost sector of the African Rift Valley that provided abundant fossil vertebrates, including human remains. The present study integrates already available data with new sedimentological, pedological, magnetostratigraphic, paleontological and paleoanthropological investigations of the 300 m thick Aalat section (North Dandiero Basin). This sedimentary succession records repeated shifts from fluvial to lacustrine depositional settings, which occurred under the tight interaction between local tectonics and Pleistocene climate changes. Accumulation was associated with axial sedimentation in a NS-trending extensional basin, with an overall tectono-sedimentary setting comparable with that of the coeval Bouri Formation (Ethiopia). Because of the high rates of sedimentation, a poor to moderate degree of soil development characterizes the whole succession. Sporadic soil horizons testify to carbonate dissolution, leaching and accumulation in calcic and petrocalcic horizons (indicating an overall dry climate). The alternate with local to extensive iron-oxide/hydroxide segregation, promoted by water infiltration under varying drainage conditions and/or seasonal contrast, that record more humid conditions. Magnetostratigraphic dating and correlation indicates that this section is among the world's thickest record embracing the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition, spanning from the Jaramillo to the base of Brunhes chron. The terrestrial vertebrate fauna includes a typical Early to Middle Pleistocene East African mammalian assemblage for this age and is dominated by taxa characterized by strong water dependence. The ichthyofauna, with its abundant Clariidae, is also consistent with the shallow water, fluvio-lacustrine paleobiotopes. The cranial, dental and postcranial human remains from the lower part of the Aalat succession add valuable evidence about the patterns of variation and evolutionary dynamics in African Homo erectus/ergaster near the end of the Early Pleistocene.
    Mots-clés : Danakil, Dandiero, East Africa, Fossil vertebrates, Magnetostratigraphy, Paleoanthropology, Paleoenvironments, Paleopedology, Pleistocene, Sedimentology.

  • Guérin, Guillaume, Frouin, Marine, Talamo, Sahra, Aldeias, Vera, Bruxelles, Laurent, Chiotti, Laurent, Dibble, Harold L., Goldberg, Paul, Hublin, Jean-Jacques, Jain, Mayank, Lahaye, Christelle, Madelaine, Stéphane, Maureille, Bruno, McPherron, Shannon J. P., Mercier, Norbert, Murray, Andrew S., Sandgathe, Dennis, Steele, Teresa E., Thomsen, Kristina J., et Turq, Alain.0 « A Multi-Method Luminescence Dating Of The Palaeolithic Sequence Of La Ferrassie Based On New Excavations Adjacent To The La Ferrassie 1 And 2 Skeletons ». Journal of Archaeological Science 58: 147-166.
    Résumé : A new interdisciplinary project was initiated to excavate a portion of the Palaeolithic site of La Ferrassie left intact by earlier excavations. One of the aims of this project was to provide chronological information on the succession of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic layers, as well as on the skeletons unearthed by Capitan and Peyrony in the early 1900's. We report here preliminary results on the lithics, faunal remains, site formation processes, and on the stratigraphic context of the La Ferrassie 1 and 2 skeletons that were found adjacent to our excavations. Finally, results from luminescence dating of the sediments and a preliminary set of radiocarbon ages are presented. Quartz OSL, both at the multi-grain and single-grain levels of analysis, and post-IR IRSL of feldspar at various stimulation temperatures are compared. The quartz/feldspar comparison revealed a bleaching problem for the quartz OSL (and the feldspar pIRIR signals) from Layer 2; as a consequence, the age of this Layer was determined using a minimum age model. A Mousterian industry with bifaces, at the base of the sequence, has been dated between 91 ± 9 and 44 ± 3 ka. The Ferrassie Mousterian layers are attributed to MIS 3, between 54 ± 3 and 40 ± 2 ka, and thus appear very late in the final Middle Palaeolithic of the region; furthermore, these ages constrain the chronology of the La Ferrassie 1 and 2 skeletons, which have been attributed to one of these Ferrassie Mousterian layers. The Châtelperronian layer is dated to 42 ± 3 ka and the Aurignacian to 37 ± 2 ka. Implications of the ages for the La Ferrassie 1 and 2 skeletons, and for the variability of late Mousterian, are discussed.
    Mots-clés : Middle Palaeolithic, Mousterian, OSL dating, Post-IR IRSL dating, Single grain.

  • Guimaraes, S., Fernandez-Jalvo, Y., Stoetzel, E., Gorgé, O., Bennett, E. A., Denys, C., Grange, T., et Geigl, E.-M.0 « Owl Pellets: A Wise Dna Source For Small Mammal Genetics ». Journal of Zoology.

  • Haesaerts, Paul, Péan, Stéphane, Valladas, Hélène, Damblon, Freddy, et Nuzhnyi, Dmytro.0 « Contribution À La Stratigraphie Du Site Paléolithique De Mezhyrich (Ukraine) ». L'Anthropologie 119(4): 364–393.

  • Jeffrey, Amy, Denys, Christiane, Stoetzel, Emmanuelle, et Lee-Thorp, Julia A.0 « Influences On The Stable Oxygen And Carbon Isotopes In Gerbillid Rodent Teeth In Semi-Arid And Arid Environments: Implications For Past Climate And Environmental Reconstruction ». Earth and Planetary Science Letters 428: 84–96.

  • Krief, Sabrina, Daujeard, Camille, Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Lamon, Noemie, et Reynolds, Vernon.0 « Flavouring Food: The Contribution Of Chimpanzee Behaviour To The Understanding Of Neanderthal Calculus Composition And Plant Use In Neanderthal Diets ». Antiquity 89(344): 464–471.

  • Lanoë, François B., Péan, Stéphane, et Yanevich, Aleksandr.0 « Saiga Antelope Hunting In Crimea At The Pleistocene–Holocene Transition: The Site Of Buran-Kaya Iii Layer 4 ». Journal of Archaeological Science 54: 270–278.

  • Lázničková-Galetová, Martina.0 « The Phenomenon Of Gravettian Necklaces–Mammoth Ivory Necklaces From Dolní Věstonice I (Moravia, Czech Republic) ». Quaternary International 359: 229–239.

  • Locht, Jean-Luc, Hérisson, David, Goval, Emilie, Cliquet, Dominique, Huet, Briagell, Coutard, Sylvie, Antoine, Pierre, et Feray, Philippe.0 « Timescales, Space And Culture During The Middle Palaeolithic In Northwestern France ». Quaternary International.

  • Marquer, Laurent, Lebreton, Vincent, Otto, Thierry, et Messager, Erwan.0 « Étude Des Macro-, Méso-Et Micro-Charbons Du Site Épigravettien De Mezhyrich (Ukraine): Données Taphonomiques Et Anthracologiques ». L'Anthropologie 119(4): 487–504.

  • Mgeladze, Ana, et Moncel, Marie-Hélène.0 « The Acheulean In The South Caucasus (Georgia): Koudaro I And Tsona Lithic Assemblages ». Quaternary International.

  • Moigne, Anne-Marie, Valensi, Patricia, Auguste, Patrick, García-Solano, José, Tuffreau, Alain, Lamotte, Agnes, Barroso, Cecilio, et Moncel, Marie-Hélene.0 « Bone Retouchers From Lower Palaeolithic Sites: Terra Amata, Orgnac 3, Cagny-L'epinette And Cueva Del Angel ». Quaternary International.

  • Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Despriée, Jackie, Voinchet, Pierre, Courcimault, Gilles, Hardy, Bruce, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Puaud, Simon, Gallet, Xavier, et Falguères, Christophe.0 « The Acheulean Workshop Of La Noira (France, 700 Ka) In The European Technological Context ». Quaternary International.

  • Mounier, A., et Caparros, M.0 « The Phylogenetic Status Of Homo Heidelbergensis – A Cladistic Study Of Middle Pleistocene Hominins ». BMSAP 27(3-4): 110-134.
    Résumé : Two views prevail concerning the significance of H. heidelbergensis in Middle Pleistocene human evolution. H. heidelbergensis sensu stricto refers to a European chronospecies of H. neanderthalensis while H. heidelbergensis sensu lato is considered to be an Afro-European species ancestral to modern humans and Neandertals. Here, we test the phylogenetic validity of H. heidelbergensis using a cladistic analysis based on cranial morphological data of Pleistocene fossils. We perform a low-level analysis to ascertain the information content of the morphological features, a high-level analysis with reweighted characters resulting in a single most parsimonious cladogram and a bootstrap analysis to assess the robustness of this cladogram. Our results show that (i) the identification of a coherent H. heidelbergensis s.l. species is not well supported and is equivocal; (ii) the hypothetical last common ancestor of H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis has more affinities with African specimens than European; (iii) two Middle Pleistocene European fossils (Atapuerca SH5 and Steinheim) should be classified as H. neanderthalensis.
    Mots-clés : Cladistics, Cladistique, Demography, Dernier ancêtre commun des Hommes modernes et des Néandertaliens, Evolutionary Biology, Homo heidelbergensis, Human genetics, Last common ancestor of modern humans and Neandertals, Sima de los Huesos.

  • Nicoud, Elisa, Aureli, Daniele, Pagli, Marina, Villa, Valentina, Chaussé, Christine, Agostini, Silvano, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Boschian, Giovanni, Degeai, Jean-Philippe, Fusco, Fabio, Giaccio, Biagio, Hernandez, Marion, Kuzucuoglu, Catherine, Lahaye, Christelle, Lemorini, Cristina, Limondin-Lozouet, Nicole, Mazza, Paul, Mercier, Norbert, Nomade, Sébastien, Pereira, Alison, Robert, Vincent, Rossi, Maria Adelaide, Virmoux, Clément, et Zupancich, Andrea.0 « Preliminary Data From Valle Giumentina Pleistocene Site (Abruzzo, Central Italy): A New Approach To A Clactonian And Acheulian Sequence ». Quaternary International.
    Résumé : Valle Giumentina is a Pleistocene open-air site in Central Italy (Abruzzo). Nine archaeological layers occur in the last 25 m of a 70 m thick sedimentary sequence. In the 1950s, the various archaeological layers were attributed to the Clactonian, Acheulian and Levalloisian traditions. Recent multidisciplinary fieldwork and studies (2012–2016) acquired new archaeological, chronostratigraphical and paleoenvironmental data. This contribution presents the preliminary results of the ongoing excavation of layer 42-ALB. This is a paleosol located at 4 m depth, at the top of a lacustrine deposit directly below the coarse deposits associated with the last major erosive event. Faunal remains consisted essentially by Cervus elaphus. The lithic series is characterized by a specific flake production system: only a part of the block is reduced, and platforms and surfaces are not prepared. Several methods are used, including the SSDA (système par surfaces de débitage alternées). Backed flakes are frequent. Numerous blanks are transformed by intensive or marginal retouch. Functional objectives are multiple, as shown by different tool structures and use-wear traces. Valle Giumentina 42-ALB is a butchery site used briefly but frequently during warmer substages occurring during an overall cold period. The “Clactonian” industry of Valle Giumentina is often considered as simple or expedient: we demonstrate its real technical complexity and its functional significance. Comparisons are made with other European sites.
    Mots-clés : Clactonian, Italy, Lithic technology, Middle Pleistocene, Stratigraphy.

  • Nomade, S., Scao, V., Guillou, H., Messager, E., Mgeladze, A., Voinchet, P., Renne, P. R., Courtin-Nomade, A., Bardintzeff, J. M., Ferring, R., et Lordkipanidze, D.0 « New 40Ar/39Ar, Unspiked K/ar And Geochemical Constraints On The Pleistocene Magmatism Of The Samtskhe-Javakheti Highlands (Republic Of Georgia) ». Quaternary International.
    Résumé : The Samtskhe-Javakheti volcanic plateau (Republic of Georgia) is the northernmost and youngest expression of the magmatism following the Arabia-Eurasia collision. Here, we present whole rock elemental and twenty-one new unspiked K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar ages for the volcanic sequence well exposed east of the plateau. Based on our new radio-isotopic ages, we have identified three magmatic episodes. The oldest one (2.84–1.08 Ma), corresponding to the “Javakheti plateau s.s.”, is mainly constituted of medium-K alkaline mafic lavas (basalt, basaltic trachyandesite) and of intermediate composition domes (dacite). The more recent volcanic activity has constructed an impressive N–S trending volcanic ridge (Samsari s.s.) composed of evolved rocks (medium-K dacite to rhyolite). Within this ridge, two main periods of activity could be depicted: Middle Pleistocene (439–189 ka) and Late Pleistocene (90–13 ka). The youngest activity is restricted to the northern edge of this prominent magmatic structure and linked to the Tavkvetili volcano activity. According to these young ages, this area can be considered as a potential zone of volcanic hazards. The oldest volcanic activity shaping the Javakheti plateau is distributed between major strike slip faults in pull-apart position. The emplacement of the volcanism is controlled by a localized upper crustal extension. This is particularly outlined by the N–S linear array of domes that constitutes the Samsari ridge. This volcanic structure emplaced indeed on top of two major N–S faults that have probably played a key role to control the Middle to Late Pleistocene volcanism. The new 40Ar/39Ar ages date between 2.32 and 1.54 Ma the fauna assemblage of the Tsalka paleontological site. Rocks from the Samtskhe-Javakheti volcanic plateau derived from a low degree of melting of a metasomatized lithospheric mantle source (spinel facies). Except the obsidians from the Chickiani dome, they all derived from this source and evolved following a crystallization sequence involving mainly clinopyroxene, garnet, and/or amphibole. A crustal contamination component modified the composition of the youngest products (Samsari ridge rocks). According to the geochemical signature of these rocks, it seems that the magmatism does not fit with models involving asthenospheric upwelling in this region.
    Mots-clés : Ar/Ar, Georgia, K/Ar, Lithospheric mantle source, Pleistocene, Samtskhe-Javakheti.

  • Nouet, Julius, Chevallard, Corinne, Farre, Bastien, Nehrke, Gernot, Campmas, Emilie, Stoetzel, Emmanuelle, El Hajraoui, Mohamed Abdeljalil, et Nespoulet, Roland.0 « Limpet Shells From The Aterian Level 8 Of El Harhoura 2 Cave (Témara, Morocco): Preservation State Of Crossed-Foliated Layers ». PloS one 10(9): e0137162.

  • Péan, Stéphane.0 « Mammouth Et Comportements De Subsistance À L’Épigravettien: Analyse Archéozoologique Du Secteur De La Fosse N O 7 Associée À L’Habitation N O 1 De Mezhyrich (Ukraine) ». L'Anthropologie 119(4): 417–463.

  • Péan, Stéphane, Nuzhnyi, Dmytro, et Prat, Sandrine.0 « Hommes Et Environnements Au Paléolithique Supérieur En Ukraine: Introduction Aux Recherches Interdisciplinaires Menées Sur Le Site De Mezhyrich ». L'Anthropologie 119(4): 349–354.

  • Pétillon, Jean-Marc, Langlais, Mathieu, Kuntz, Delphine, Normand, Christian, Barshay-Szmidt, Carolyn, Costamagno, Sandrine, Delmas, Magali, Laroulandie, Véronique, et Marsan, Geneviève.0 « The Human Occupation Of The Northwestern Pyrenees In The Late Glacial: New Data From The Arudy Basin, Lower Ossau Valley ». Quaternary International 364: 126–143.

  • Peretto, Carlo, Arnaud, Julie, Moggi-Cecchi, Jacopo, Manzi, Giorgio, Nomade, Sébastien, Pereira, Alison, Falguères, Christophe, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Grimaud-Hervé, Dominique, Berto, Claudio, Sala, Benedetto, Lembo, Giuseppe, Muttillo, Brunella, Gallotti, Rosalia, Thun Hohenstein, Ursula, Vaccaro, Carmela, Coltorti, Mauro, et Arzarello, Marta.0 « A Human Deciduous Tooth And New 40Ar/39Ar Dating Results From The Middle Pleistocene Archaeological Site Of Isernia La Pineta, Southern Italy ». PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140091.
    Résumé : Isernia La Pineta (south-central Italy, Molise) is one of the most important archaeological localities of the Middle Pleistocene in Western Europe. It is an extensive open-air site with abundant lithic industry and faunal remains distributed across four stratified archaeosurfaces that have been found in two sectors of the excavation (3c, 3a, 3s10 in sect. I; 3a in sect. II). The prehistoric attendance was close to a wet environment, with a series of small waterfalls and lakes associated to calcareous tufa deposits. An isolated human deciduous incisor (labelled IS42) was discovered in 2014 within the archaeological level 3 coll (overlying layer 3a) that, according to new 40Ar/39Ar measurements, is dated to about 583–561 ka, i.e. to the end of marine isotope stage (MIS) 15. Thus, the tooth is currently the oldest human fossil specimen in Italy; it is an important addition to the scanty European fossil record of the Middle Pleistocene, being associated with a lithic assemblage of local raw materials (flint and limestone) characterized by the absence of handaxes and reduction strategies primarily aimed at the production of small/medium-sized flakes. The faunal assemblage is dominated by ungulates often bearing cut marks. Combining chronology with the archaeological evidence, Isernia La Pineta exhibits a delay in the appearance of handaxes with respect to other European Palaeolithic sites of the Middle Pleistocene. Interestingly, this observation matches the persistence of archaic morphological features shown by the human calvarium from the Middle Pleistocene site of Ceprano, not far from Isernia (south-central Italy, Latium). In this perspective, our analysis is aimed to evaluate morphological features occurring in IS42.

  • Perrenoud, Mats, Herrel, Anthony, Borel, Antony, et Pouydebat, Emmanuelle.0 « Strategies Of Food Detection In A Captive Cathemeral Lemur, Eulemur Rubriventer ». Belg. J. Zool 145(1): 69–75.

  • Richard, M., Falguères, C., Pons-Branchu, E., Bahain, J. -J., Voinchet, P., Lebon, M., Valladas, H., Dolo, J. -M., Puaud, S., Rué, M., Daujeard, C., Moncel, M. -H., et Raynal, J. -P.0 « Contribution Of Esr/u-Series Dating To The Chronology Of Late Middle Palaeolithic Sites In The Middle Rhône Valley, Southeastern France ». Quaternary Geochronology 30, Part B: 529-534.
    Résumé : The establishment of a chronology for late Middle Palaeolithic sites on the right bank of the Rhône valley in southeastern France is important for the knowledge of Neandertal dynamics and their demise in this area. The suite of dating methods that are directly applicable to fossils is limited for this period, especially around 50 ka where radiocarbon dating is beyond its technical limits. Currently applied to Middle and Lower Pleistocene periods, the use of combined ESR/U-series dating on Upper Pleistocene samples led to new issues, such as the acquisition of an age for samples yielding low equivalent doses and low uranium content in dental tissues. The gamma dose rate measurement thus plays a key role in age calculation. Beyond the discussion on methodological issues, the present study contributes to the establishment of a chronological framework that covers the Neandertal occupations between MIS 5 and MIS 3 for this area.
    Mots-clés : Chronology, ESR/U-series, France, Middle Palaeolithic, Neandertal, Rhône valley.

  • Rios-Garaizar, Joseba, Garate Maidagan, Diego, Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Iriarte, Eneko, Arceredillo-Alonso, Diego, Iriarte-Chiapusso, María José, Garcia-Ibaibarriaga, Naroa, García-Moreno, Alejandro, Gutierrez-Zugasti, Igor, Torres, Trinidad, Aranburu, Arantza, Arriolabengoa, Martin, Bailón, Salvador, Murelaga, Xabier, Ordiales, Amaia, Ortiz, José Eugenio, Rofes, Juan, et San Pedro, Ziortza.0 « Short-Term Neandertal Occupations In The Late Middle Pleistocene Of Arlanpe (Lemoa, Northern Iberian Peninsula) ». Comptes Rendus Palevol 14(3): 233-244.
    Résumé : The end of the Middle Pleistocene is an interesting period for investigating the transformation of Neandertal behavior from the early Middle Paleolithic to the late Middle Paleolithic. Few sites in the Iberian Peninsula have sequences corresponding to the last interglacial (MIS5) and even fewer in the Cantabrian Region. One of the best places to investigate this subject is the sequence recently excavated in Arlanpe cave. Several proxies (sedimentology, pollen, small vertebrates, malacofauna, U/Th dating) locate the first phases of this sequence between MIS7 and MIS5, with the important occurrence of temperate environmental evidence. The archaeological record describes populations with high mobility that used the cave as an occasional shelter in the first phases, or as an activity area in the later ones. The characteristics of lithic productions show a combination of Lower (Acheulean bifacial shaping) and Middle Paleolithic (Levallois Technology) traits that justifies an early Middle Paleolithic attribution.
    Mots-clés : Biface, Early Middle Paleolithic, Interglaciaire, Interglacial, Levallois, Lithic technology, Mobilité, Mobilityés, Paléolithique moyen ancien, Technique lithique.

  • Ruff, Christopher B., Puymerail, Laurent, Macchiarelli, Roberto, Sipla, Justin, et Ciochon, Russell L.0 « Structure And Composition Of The Trinil Femora: Functional And Taxonomic Implications ». Journal of human evolution 80: 147–158.

  • Salomon, Hélène, Vignaud, Colette, Lahlil, Sophia, et Menguy, Nicolas.0 « Solutrean And Magdalenian Ferruginous Rocks Heat-Treatment: Accidental And/or Deliberate Action? ». Journal of Archaeological Science 55: 100–112.

  • Singthong, Sommay, Zeitoun, Valéry, Pierret, Alain, et Forestier, Hubert.0 « An Outlook On Prehistoric Research In Laos: An Inventory And Some Perspectives ». Quaternary International.

  • Sitzia, Luca, Bertran, Pascal, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Bateman, Mark D., Hernandez, Marion, Garon, Henri, de Lafontaine, Guillaume, Mercier, Norbert, Leroyer, Chantal, Queffelec, Alain, et Voinchet, Pierre.0 « The Quaternary Coversands Of Southwest France ». Quaternary Science Reviews 124: 84-105.
    Résumé : Detailed stratigraphic analysis and numerical dating (OSL, IRSL, ESR, 14C) of Pleistocene coversands in southwest France enable the construction of a renewed chronostratigraphic framework for sand deposition. The chronological data obtained from sandsheet units testify to the development of transgressive dunefields since at least the Middle Pleistocene (MIS 10). Three main phases of accumulation occurred during the Last Glacial. The oldest one (64–42 ka) is associated with wet sandsheet facies, histic horizons and zibar-type dune fields, which reflect deposition in a context strongly influenced by the groundwater table. The Late Pleniglacial (24–14 ka) corresponds to the main phase of coversand extension in a drier context. Silty gley horizons suggest, however, local interruptions of sand drifting during GS 2.1. Lateglacial stabilization of the coversands may not have occurred before GI-1c (Allerød), which was typified by the development of cumulic arenosols. These were covered by parabolic dunes during the Younger Dryas. The variations in extent of the emerged continental shelf during the glacial–interglacial cycles may explain the uneven geographical distribution of sand deposition through time. Because of coastline retreat up to 100 km north of 45°N during the LGM lowstand, the coversands were unable to reach the northern part of the basin. Comparison with other European regions highlights stronger affinities of the French record with Portugal than with the Netherlands and Great Britain, probably because of reduced influence of permafrost.
    Mots-clés : Coversand, ESR, Middle and Late Pleistocene, OSL, Palaeosols, Southwest France.

  • Tudryn, Alina, Abdessadok, Salah, Gargani, Julien, Dambricourt Malassé, Anne, Gaillard, Claire, Moigne, Anne-Marie, Chapon Sao, Cécile, Singh, Mukesh, Bhardwaj, Vipnesh, Karir, Baldev, et Miska, Serge.0 « Stratigraphy And Paleoenvironment During The Late Pliocene At Masol Paleonto-Archeological Site (Siwalik Range, Nw India): Preliminary Results ». Comptes Rendus Palevol.
    Résumé : The Quranwala zone (Siwalik Range, NW India) is known for its Late Pliocene vertebrates. Since 2008, cut marks and stone tools have been collected from Masol. The sedimentary series belongs to the Subathu sub-basin. These sub-Himalayan deposits contain repetitive sequences (∼170 m thick) of silt/clays and sandstones corresponding to the cyclical influx of detrital material in a fluvial environment. Particular features of lithological units allow identification of the stratigraphic position of different paleonto-archeological localities. A first pale environmental reconstruction was enabled by analysis of clay and magnetic minerals. Iron minerals such as haematite and goethite indicate dominant oxic conditions during and after deposition. Clay minerals are of detrital origin, and were supplied from Himalaya by rivers. Illite, the result of physical weathering, is dominant. Smectite present in the lower part of the sequence, was probably supplied from Lesser Himalaya (Suresh et al., 2004). Its presence suggests that the studied area was still a paleo-drainage area for major river(s) during the time considered here.
    Mots-clés : Anticlinal de Chandigarh, Chandigarh anticline, clay minerals, Ligne de partage des eaux, Masol paleonto-archeological site, Minéraux argileux, Paléoenvironnement, Paleoenvironment, Pliocène, Pliocene, Site paléonto-archéologique de Mazol, Sous-bassin de Subathu, Subathu sub-basin, Upper Siwalik, Water divideés.

  • Vialou, Denis.0 « Des Mammouths Et Des Hommes ». L'Anthropologie 119(4): 355–363.

  • Voinchet, P., Toyoda, S., Falguères, C., Hernandez, Marion, Tissoux, H., Moreno, D., et Bahain, J.-J.0 « Evaluation Of Esr Residual Dose In Quartz Modern Samples, An Investigation On Environmental Dependence ». Quaternary Geochronology.

  • Voisin, Jean-Luc, Ropars, Mickael, et Thomazeau, Hervé.0 « Anatomical Evidence For A Uniquely Positioned Suprascapular Foramen ». Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: 1–4.

  • Wei, Guangbiao, Huang, Wanbo, Boëda, Eric, Forestier, Hubert, He, Cunding, Chen, Shaokun, Zhao, Jianxin, Li, Yinghua, Hou, Yamei, Pang, Libo, et Wu, Yan.0 « Recent Discovery Of A Unique Paleolithic Industry From The Yumidong Cave Site In The Three Gorges Region Of Yangtze River, Southwest China ». Quaternary International.
    Résumé : The Three Gorges of Yangtze River, southwest China, abundant in human and faunal fossils, and lithic artifacts, represents an important site complex for understanding hominin dispersion and adaptations during the Pleistocene. The Yumidong Cave is a newly-discovered Paleolithic site in this region which yielded a large number of animal fossils and lithic artifacts. U–Th dating in conjunction with biostratigraphic analysis indicated that the archaeological remains were deposited during a long sequence from ca. 400 to 8 ka (Middle Pleistocene to Holocene). Lithic technological analysis indicated an original material shaped on massive limestone blocks with chaîne opératoire consisted of selection, shaping and retouching. The volumetric structures of selected blanks are regrouped into three categories: structures with bevel(s), trihedral structure and convergent ones. The outline of cutting-edge is predonimated by denticulate ones, followed by saw-like ones, rostrum, convergent with a denticulate edge and beaked ones. Despite showing nothing in common with Europe, Africa, the Near East and even the Indian Subcontinent and northern China, the lithic assemblage of the Yumidong Cave exhibits a strong coherence and presents more similarity to mainland Southeast Asia with heavy, angular and massive stone tools made on pebble, cobble and without the Levallois, Discoid, and blade/bladelet phenomenon. The lithic assemblage of Yumidong Cave may represent material clues of a potential local technological center of origin in unique technical world of Central-South China and its uniqueness would be understandable as the result of a successful adaptation of hominids to a specific environment. Yumidong lithic material deconstructs the existing paradigm for a long period of time and presents new ideas and new facts for the technic evolution in South China.
    Mots-clés : China, Cognition, Lithic technology, Middle to Late Pleistocene, Paleolithic site, Three Gorges.

  • Zanolli, Clément, Dean, Christopher, Rook, Lorenzo, Bondioli, Luca, Mazurier, Arnaud, et Macchiarelli, Roberto.0 « Enamel Thickness And Enamel Growth In Oreopithecus: Combining Microtomographic And Histological Evidence ». Comptes Rendus Palevol.

  • Zanolli, Clément, Grine, Frederick E., Kullmer, Ottmar, Schrenk, Friedemann, et Macchiarelli, Roberto.0 « The Early Pleistocene Deciduous Hominid Molar Fs-72 From The Sangiran Dome Of Java, Indonesia: A Taxonomic Reappraisal Based On Its Comparative Endostructural Characterization ». American Journal of Physical Anthropology 157(4): 666-674.
    Résumé : Objectives: Among the ten fossil hominid deciduous teeth reported so far from the Pleistocene sediments of the Sangiran Dome of Java are two isolated lower second molars: specimens PCG.2 from the Kabuh Formation and FS-72 from the Pucangan Formation. While PCG.2 appears to be certainly attributable to Homo erectus, FS-72 is somewhat more problematic, even though it is commonly listed within the Indonesian H. erectus hypodigm. Largely because of its large size, it was originally attributed to Meganthropus paleojavanicus. Subsequent study highlighted a set of metric and nonmetric crown features also found in Australopith and African early Homo (notably H. habilis) homologues. An additional problem with the taxonomic assignment of isolated teeth from the Pleistocene of Java is the presence of Pongo in these same deposits. Methods: To assess the taxonomic affinity of FS-72, we investigated its inner structure (tissue proportions and enamel-dentine junction morphology) by using techniques of 2–3D virtual imaging coupled with geometric morphometric analyses. Results: The results show that FS-72 has thinner enamel compared to fossil and recent humans and that its topographic repartition more closely follows the pongine pattern. It also exhibits a Pongo-like elongated morphology of the enamel-dentine junction, with proportionally lower and mesiodistally spaced dentine horns. Conclusions: Given the morphological and metric similarities between fossil orangutan and H. erectus molars, we tested the hypothesis that its internal morphology more closely resembles the patterns evinced by PCG.2 and modern humans than Pongo. Accordingly, we consider that FS-72 more likely represents a dm2 of Pongo rather than Homo. Am J Phys Anthropol 157:666–674, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Mots-clés : deciduous molar FS-72, Early Pleistocene, hominid paleobiodiversity, Internal structure, Sangiran Dome.
--- Exporter la sélection au format